The gateway of India is an iconic landmark of Mumbai, the financial hub. It was constructed to commemorate the visit of George V in India at Apollo Bunder. The colonial India gate Mumbai became an epitaph after the country gained independence in 1947. This compelling structure is an unparalleled monument that is synonymous with the city.
Mumbai is not only the financial capital of India but also the city of dreams. It is home to the Indian Film Industry, and every year thousands arrive here to try their luck at stardom. Mumbai is a tourist paradise, and there are plenty of things to see here. There are places of historic, modern and classic interests in this ancient city.
Apart from Gateway of India, you can also visit the Marine drive, Juhu beach, Victoria Terminus, Bnaganga Tank, Haji Ali, Colaba Market. Take a trip away from Mumbai and visit Pune and some scenic hill stations which are close to this remarkable city.
Also known as the India gate Mumbai and the starting point for touring the city. A trip to this Mumbai monument will fill your heart with joy and provide you with a reason to visit once again.
- 1 The history of Gateway of India
- 2 Attractions near the Gateway of India
The history of Gateway of India
The historical landmark dates back to 1911 when George V visited India with Mary of Teck. It was the first visit of a British Monarch in India. The construction, however, began only in 1915, and the foundation stone laid in 1913.
Do foreign tourists often ask where Gateway of India, Mumbai, or Bombay is? The name changed in 1995. So, people from foreign countries sometimes get confused after reading old texts that mention Bombay.
Some Indian historians have pointed out that the Gateway, although a jewel in the crown for India, is also a sign of colonization. But no doubt, this is an iconic structure that has stood the test of time for 96 years.
For people asking who built gateway of India, it’s George Wittet, a designer from England. It took 4 years to complete the structure and opened it to the general public in 1924. The total cost for the construction was Rs 21 lakh’s, and it was taken out of Indian exchequer.
The monument now attracts visitors, tourists, photographers, and vendors. A closing ceremony called the ‘The Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry’ was recorded on February 28, 1948, when the last British troops left the Indian soil.
The architecture of Mumbai Gate
The history of gateway of India won’t be complete without a glimpse at its imposing architecture. It is designed in the Indo-Saracenic design and introduced by the British. This style champions the cause of self-glorification and built on a grand scale promoting the notion of an invincible British Empire.
The gateway stands at an imposing height of 85 feet, and the Central dome reaches 49 feet. The stones sourced locally, but the screens brought from Gwalior. The entire body is built from yellow basalt stone and binding concrete. The use of basalt is, however, subject to criticism, and the color has withered over time due to external weather and pollution factors.
The monument faces the Mumbai Harbor, and there are four turrets. Steps constructed to reach the Arabian Sea. Missions are on to digital records and preserve the architecture using terrestrial laser scanning.
Attractions near the Gateway of India
You will find information about the Gateway of India buy asking for local guidebooks. There are some other must-visit places around Mumbai.
Banganga Tank – This is the auspicious tank located at the heart of the city. Many locals are also not familiar with this place. The waterbody considered as extremely sacred, and Hindus believe that you will get immense benefits if you walk around the tank.
Haji Ali – This sacred Mosque and tomb of Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari were situated off the coast of Worli near to Mahalaxmi railway station. This place is accessible during low tides and by a 500-yard walkway.
Elephanta Caves – The Elephanta caves are a must-visit and located only 10 km from Mumbai. These caves are a UNESCO world heritage site since 1987, and you will surely be marveled by the architecture.
Best time to visit this colonial architecture in India
Mumbai is located on the tip of the Arabian sea and experiences a sultry climate.
Summers are extremely hot and not the ideal time to visit the gateway of India.
Monsoons are sultry, and Mumbai experiences heavy rainfall and extreme water logging. So, it’s better to avoid the rainy season.
Winters considered the best time to visit this monument. Being an outdoor monument, you will be able to see it comfortably with lower temperatures. So, plan your visit to Mumbai from December to February.
Fees and Timings and Charges
There are no fees and timings for this place. However, this place has been the target of terrorists for a long time, so expect heavy police patrolling. Don’t carry any hazardous substances, arms, or sharp objects.
How to reach
The nearest station to Gateway of India is Chatrapati Sivaji, and its very close to the monument. You can arrive in Mumbai from any part of India via rail, road, and air and proceed to visit this iconic landmark.
Gateway of India
Arrive at Mumbai station and take any private taxi or local bus to reach the place.
Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is 22 km from the monument.
The nearest stations are Churchgate and Chatrapati Sivaji Terminus station. It takes about 7 minutes from both to reach the monument.
Reasons to Visit This Important Landmark
The gateway is a colonial architecture in India and is a historical landmark. Your trip to Mumbai won’t be complete without a visit to this massive structure.
The gateway flanked by the Marine Drive, a road that runs parallel to the sea. The majestic monument is also a must-visit during night time when it hones true colors and looks fetching against the backdrop of the Arabian Sea.
So, whenever you visit Mumbai, don’t forget to book this famous place as part of your tour plan. You won’t be disappointed and will spend some quality time in this fantastic place.
1. Why Mumbai called as the Gateway of India?
The presence of the historical Mumbai Gate prompts people to call it the Gateway of India. It is the first sight visitors see when approaching Mumbai from the seas.
2. What is the difference between India Gate and Gateway of India?
The Gateway of India a colonial architecture built to mark the arrival of George V in Mumbai. The India gate architecture, on the other hand, a war memorial built inside Raajpeeth in New Delhi.
3. What is written on the Gateway of India?
The inscription on the Gateway of India reads, “Erected to commemorate the landing in India of their Imperial Majesties King George V and Queen Mary on the Second of December MCMXI.”